Background The INSPIRE integrated care for older people (ICOPE)-CARE programme is a public health programme implementing the ICOPE health-care pathway in clinical practice. The primary objective of this study was to describe the large-scale implementation and feasibility of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE guidelines in clinical practice. The secondary aims were to describe the characteristics of patients who were identi ed as positive for abnormalities in intrinsic capacity (ie, locomotion, cognition, psychology, vitality, hearing, and vision) during step 1, and to describe the prevalence of these positive screenings.

In this prospective study, we evaluated a real-life population of users of primary care services in the Occitania region (France). Participants who were aged 60 years and older and lived in a community were eligible for inclusion in our study. Individuals aged ≥60 years were screened (step 1) by health-care providers or through self- assessments using digital tools (the ICOPE MONITOR app and the ICOPEBOT conversational robot). Our implementation strategy involved raising awareness among health-care professionals about the WHO ICOPE programme, training professionals in the ICOPE-CARE guidelines, and developing a digital infrastructure (ie, digital tools, a database, and a remote ICOPE monitoring platform). The feasibility of implementing the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE guidelines was determined by the anticipated inclusion of ≥10000 participants, and having a follow-up rate of over 50%.

Between Jan 1, 2020, and November 18, 2021, 10903 older people (mean age 76·0, SD 10·5 years; 6627 [60·8%] of whom were women) had a baseline step 1 screening done, and 5185 (70·4%) of 7367 eligible participants had a 6-month follow-up of step 1 screening. 10285 (94·3%) participants had a positive intrinsic capacity result during screening at baseline. 958 (9·3%) participants were evaluated with step 2 (in-depth assessments). Positive intrinsic capacity was con rmed in 865 (90·3%) participants. Most recommendations in step 3 (care plan) were related to locomotion, vitality, and cognition.

The high number of participants included in our study, as well as the high rates of follow-up, provides evidence to suggest that the large-scale implementation of ICOPE in clinical practice is feasible. The very high prevalence of positive screening for impaired intrinsic capacity during step 1, as well as the high rates of con rmed de cits in intrinsic capacity during step 2, suggest that the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE programme is able to target individuals who are at increased risk for functional loss and disability.

Funding Occitania Regional Health Agency, Region Occitanie, European Regional Development Fund, and The Interreg Program V-A Spain-France-Andorra

Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.

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